The rose curve is a curve that has the shape of a flower with petals. It was named rhodonea ("rose") by the Italian mathematician Guido Grandi in the 1720s. It is given by the polar equation
r = a sin(nθ).
If n is odd the rose has n petals, if n is even the rose has 2n petals, and if n = 2 the rose becomes the quadrifolium. If n is an irrational number, then there are an infinite number of petals.
|The quadrifolium: a special case of the rose curve