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SELENE (Selenological and Engineering Explorer)





SELENE
launch date Sep. 14, 2007
launch vehicle H-IIA
location Tanegashima
MAIN ORBITER
   shape
upper module: 2.1m × 2.1m × 2.8m
lower module: 2.1m × 2.1m × 1.4m
adaptor truss: 2.2m octagonal column × 0.6m
   orbit circular
      altitude approx. 100km
      inclination 90°
   attitude control three-axis stabilization
OKINA
(relay satellite)
   shape
octagonal column (1m × 1m × 0.65m), about 50kg mass
   orbit elliptical
      altitude approx. 100km × 2400km
      inclination 90°
   attitude control spin-stabilization
OUNA
(VRAD satellite)
   shape
octagonal column (1m × 1m × 0.65m), about 50kg mass
   orbit elliptical
      altitude approx. 100km × 800km
      inclination 90°
   attitude control spin-stabilization
A Japanese mission to study the origin and evolution of the Moon, and help develop the techniques needed for future lunar exploration and utilization. Following the many trips to the Moon in the 1960s and 1970s, our nearest celestial companion in space fell out of space-exploration favor. Russia's Luna 24 was the last lunar lander, a quarter of a century ago. SELENE gave scientists and engineers around the world a new and better assessment of the potential for future human utilization, and even habitation, of the Moon. After a four-year delay, SELENE was finally launched on September 14, 2007.

As is traditional with Japanese spacecraft, the three-tonne probe was given an alternative, Japanese name, Kaguya, after a mythical princess story who ascended to the Moon. SELENE orbited the Earth before traveling the 380,000 km (237,500 miles) to the Moon. There the main orbiter and two smaller sub-satellites were be positioned 100 km (60 miles) above the lunar surface.


Related categories

   • MOON, UNMANNED SPACECRAFT
   • JAPANESE SPACECRAFT
   • SATELLITES AND SPACE PROBES
   • MOON TOPICS