Schmidt, (Johann Friedrich) Julius (1825–1884)
Schmidt began his career in Germany, spent some time in Moravia, worked at a number of German observatories, and in 1858 became director of the Athens Observatory in Greece. He remained in Greece for the rest of his life. His observations were made with a variety of telescopes, most notably a 15.8-cm refractor by Plössl. Chaptre der Gebirge des Mondes (The Topographical Chart of the Moon) published in Berlin, is his piece de resistance, representing the visible surface of the Moon in an area two meters diameter, and showing about 30,000 craters. This map was the most important and accurate to be produced since that of Wilhelm Beer and Johann >Mädler published 41 years earlier, and compared with modern charts up to the Apollo era.
Related category• ASTRONOMERS AND ASTROPHYSICISTS
Home • About • Copyright © The Worlds of David Darling • Encyclopedia of Alternative Energy • Contact