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ASTRONOMERS AND ASTROPHYSICISTS





   • Aaronson, Marc (1950–1987)
   • Abu'l Wafa (AD 940–998)
   • Adams, John Couch (1819–1892)
   • Adams, Walter Sydney (1876–1956)
   • Airy, George Biddell (1801–1892)
   • Aitken, Robert Grant (1864–1951)
   • Albategnius (Al-Battani, Muhammad ibn Jabir (c.850–929)
   • Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gösta (1908–1995)
   • Alhazen (Abu Ali al Hassan ibn al Haitham) (c.965–c.1040)
   • Alpher, Ralph Asher (1921–2007)
   • Al-Sufi, Abd al-Rahman (AD 903–986)
   • Ambartsumian, Viktor Amazaspovich (1908–1996)
   • Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (c.500–c.428 BC)
   • Anaximander of Miletus (611–546 BC)
   • Anaximenes of Miletus (c.585–c.525 BC)
   • Ångström, Anders Jonas (1814–1874)
   • Ansbro, Eamonn
   • Antoniadi, Eugène Michael (1870–1944)
   • Apollonius of Perge (c.262–c.190 BC)
   • Arago, (Dominique) François (Jean) (1786–1853)
   • Argelander, Friedrich Wilhelm August (1799–1875)
   • Aristarchus of Samos (c.310–c.320 BC)
   • Aristotle of Stagira (384–322 BC)
   • Arkhipov, Alexey V. (1959–)
   • Arp Halton Christian (1927–)
   • Arrhenius, Svante August (1859–1927)
   • Aryabhata the Elder (AD 476–550)
   • Arzachel (Al-Zarqali, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Yahya) (1028–1087)

   • Baade, (Wilhelm Heinrich) Walter (1893–1960)
   • Babcock, Harold Delos (1882–1968) and Horace Welcome (1912–2003)
   • Bailey, Solon Irving (1854–1931)
   • Bailly, Jean Sylvain (1736–1793)
   • Baily, Francis (1774–1844)
   • Ball, Robert Stawell (1840–1913)
   • Banneker, Benjamin (1731–1806)
   • Bappu, (Manali Kallat) Vainu (1927–1982)
   • Barnard, Edward Emerson (1857–1923)
   • Barringer, Daniel Moreau (1860–1929)
   • Bartsch, Jakob (1600–1633)
   • Bayer, Johann (1572–1625)
   • Beer, Wilhelm (1797–1850)
   • Bell Burnell, (Susan) Jocelyn (1943–)
   • Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm (1784–1846)
   • Bethe, Hans Albrecht (1906–2005)
   • Bevis, John (1695–1771)
   • Bickerton, Alexander William (1842–1929)
   • Birkeland, Kristian Olaf Bernhard (1867–1917)
   • Blaauw, Adriaan (1914–2010)
   • Black, David
   • Blagg, Mary Adela (1858–1944)
   • Bode, Johann Elert (1747–1826)
   • Bok, Bartholomeus ("Bart") Jan (1906–1983)
   • Bond, William Cranch (1789–1859) and George Phillips (1825–1865)
   • Bondi, Hermann (1919–2005)
   • Borelli, Giovanni Alfonso (1608–1679)
   • Bouvard, Alexis (1767–1843)
   • Bowen, Ira ("Ike") Sprague (1898–1973)
   • Bradley, James (1693–1762)
   • Brahe, Tycho (1546–1601)
   • Brahmagupta (c.598–c.665)
   • Brown, Harrison (Scott) (1917–1986)
   • Bruno, Giordano (1548–1600)
   • Burbidge, (Eleanor) Margaret, née Peachey (1919–) and Geoffrey Ronald (1925–2010)
   • Burnham, Sherburne Wesley (1838–1921)
   • Burton, Charles E. (1846–1882)
   • Butler, R. Paul

   • Cacciatore, Niccolo (1780–1841)
   • Cameron, Alastair Graham Walter (1925–2005)
   • Campbell, William Wallace (1862–1938)
   • Cannon, Annie Jump (1863–1941)
   • Carrington, Richard Christopher (1826–1875)
   • Cassini, Giovanni Domenico (1625–1712)
   • Cerulli, Vincenzo (1859–1927)
   • Chamberlin, Thomas Chrowder (1843–1928)
   • Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910–1995)
   • Chyba, Christopher
   • Clark, Alvan (1804–1887)
   • Clavius, Christoph (1538–1612)
   • Comas Solá, José (1868–1937)
   • Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473–1543)
   • Curtis, Heber Doust (1872–1942)

   • d'Alembert, Jean le Rond (1717–1783)
   • d'Arrest, Heinrich Ludwig (1822–1875)
   • Davis, Ray(mond) Jr. (1914–2006)
   • de Vaucouleurs, Gérard Henri (1918–1995)
   • Delaporte, Eugène Joseph (1882–1955)
   • Denning, William Frederick (1848–1931)
   • Dicke, Robert Henry (1916–1997)
   • Digges, Leonard (c.1520–c.1559) and Thomas (1545/1546–1595)
   • Dollfus, Audouin Charles (1924–2010)
   • Dollond, John (1706–1761)
   • Donati, Giovanni Battista (1826–1873)
   • Douglass, Andrew Ellicott (1867–1962)
   • Draper, Henry (1837–1882)
   • Draper, John William (1811–1882)
   • Dreyer, John Louis Emil (1852–1926)
   • Dunham, Theodore (1897–1984)
   • Dunlop, James (1793–1848)
   • Dyson, Frank Watson (1868–1939)
   • Dyson, Freeman John (1923–)

   • Eddington, Arthur Stanley (1882–1944)
   • En Henduanna (fl. 2350 BC)
   • Encke, Johann Franz (1791–1865)
   • Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c.276–c.195 BC)
   • Eudoxus of Cnidus (c.400–c.347 BC)
   • Euler, Leonhard (1707–1783)

   • Fabricius, David (1564–1617) and Johann (1587–1615)
   • Fayé, Herve Auguste Etienne Albans(1814–1902)
   • Fabry, Marie Paul Auguste Charles (1867–1945)
   • Flammarion, (Nicolas) Camille (1842–1925) and Flammarion, Gabrielle (nee Renaudot) (1876–1962)
   • Flamsteed, John (1646–1719)
   • Fleming, Williamina Paton Stevens (1857–1911)
   • Foucault, Jean Bernard Léon (1819–1868)
   • Fowler, William ("Willy") Alfred (1911–1995)
   • Fraunhofer, Joseph von (1787–1826)
   • Friedman, Herbert (1916–2000)
   • Friedmann, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1888–1925)

   • Galileo, Galilei (1564–1642)
   • Galle, Johann Gottfried (1812–1910)
   • Gamow, George (1904–1968)
   • Gatewood, George D. (1940–)
   • Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1777–1855)
   • Giacconi, Riccardo (1931–)
   • Gold, Thomas (1920–2004)
   • Goodricke, John (1764–1786)
   • Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824–1896)
   • Green, Nathaniel E.
   • Grimaldi, Francesco Maria (1618–1663)
   • Gruithuisen, Franz von Paula (1774–1852)

   • Hadley, John H. (1682–1744)
   • Hale, George Ellery (1868–1938)
   • Hall, Asaph (1829–1907)
   • Halley, Edmund (1656–1742)
   • Haro, Guillermo (1913–1988)
   • Harriot, Thomas (c.1560–1621)
   • Hawking, Stephen William (1942–)
   • Hayashi, Chushiro (1920–2010)
   • Heraclides of Pontus (c.388–c.315 BC)
   • Herschel, Caroline Lucretia (1750–1848)
   • Herschel, John Frederick William (1792–1871)
   • Herschel, (Frederick) William (1738–1822)
   • Hertzsprung, Ejnar (1873–1967)
   • Hevelius Johannes (Johann Hewelcke) (1611–1687)
   • Hewish, Anthony (1924–)
   • Hind, John Russell (1823-1895)
   • Hipparchus of Nicaea (c.190–c.125 BC)
   • Hodierna, Giovanni Battista (1597–1660)
   • Holmberg, Erik Bertil (1908–2000)
   • Horrocks, Jeremiah (c.1618–1641)
   • Hoyle, Fred (1915–2001)
   • Hubble, Edwin Powell (1889–1953)
   • Huggins, Margaret Lindsay (neé Murray) (1848–1915)
   • Huggins, William (1824–1910)
   • Hulst, Hendrik Christoffel van der (1918–2000)
   • Humason, Milton Lasell (1891–1972)
   • Huygens, Christiaan (1629–1695)

   • Innes, Robert Thorburn Ayton (1861–1933)

   • Jansky, Karl Guthe (1905–1950)
   • Janssen, (Pierre) Jules César (1824–1907)
   • Jeans, James Hopwood (1877–1946)
   • Jeffreys, Harold (1891–1989)
   • Joy, Alfred Harrison (1883–1973)

   • Kapteyn, Jacobus Cornelius (1851–1922)
   • Kardashev, Nikolai Semenovich (1932–)
   • Keeler, James Edward (1857–1900)
   • Kepler, Johannes (1571–1630)
   • Khayyáam, Omar (1048–1122)
   • Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert (1824–1887)
   • Kirkwood, Daniel (1814–1895)
   • Klumpke-Roberts, Dorothea (1861–1942)
   • Kuiper, Gerard Peter (1905–1973)

   • Lacaille, Abbé Nicolas Louis de (1713–1762)
   • Lagrange, Joseph Louis de (1736–1813)
   • Lalande, Joseph Jérôme Le Français de (1732–1807)
   • Laplace, Pierre Simon, Marquis de (1749–1827)
   • Lassell, William (1799–1880)
   • Le Gentil (de la Galaziere), Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean Baptiste (1725–1792)
   • Le Verrier, Urbain Jean Joseph (1811–1877)
   • Leavitt, Henrietta Swan (1868–1921)
   • Lemaître, Georges Édouard (1894–1966)
   • Lemonnier, Pierre Charles (1715–1799)
   • Levy, David H. (1948–)
   • Liais, Emmanuel (1826–1900)
   • Lindblad, Bertil (1895–1965)
   • Lippershey, Hans (c.1570–c.1619)
   • Lippincott, Sarah Lee (1920–)
   • Littrow, Joseph Johann von (1781–1840)
   • Lockyer, (Joseph) Norman (1836–1920)
   • Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilievich (1711–1765)
   • Lovell, (Alfred Charles) Bernard (1913–2012)
   • Lowell, Percival (1855–1916)
   • Lunine, Jonathan I.
   • Luyten, Willem Jacob (1899–1994)

   • Mädler, Johann Heinrich von (1794–1874)
   • Maestlin, Michael (1550–1631)
   • Marcy, Geoffrey (1954–)
   • Marius, Simon (1573–1624)
   • Maskelyne, Nevil (1732–1811)
   • Maunder, (Edward) Walter (1851–1928)
   • Maupertuis, Pierre Louis Moreau de (1698–1759)
   • Mayor, Michel (1959–)
   • Méchain, Pierre François André (1744–1804)
   • Menzel, Donald Howard (1901–1976)
   • Messier, Charles Joseph (1730–1817)
   • Minkowski, Hermann (1864–1909)
   • Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard (1895–1976)
   • Moore, Patrick Alfred (1923–2012)
   • Morgan, William Wilson (1906–1994)
   • Morrison, Philip (1915–2005)
   • Moulton, Forest Ray (1872–1952)
   • Müller, Johann (1436-1476)

   • Narlikar, Jayant Vishnu (1938–)
   • Newcomb, Simon (1835–1909)
   • Newton, Isaac (1642–1727)
   • Nicholson, Seth Barnes (1891–1963)

   • Olbers, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus (1758–1840)
   • Oort, Jan Hendrik (1900–1992)
   • Öpik, Ernst Julius (1893–1985)

   • Palisa, Johann (1848–1925)
   • Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia Helena (1900–1979)
   • Pearce, Joseph Algernon (1893–1988)
   • Pease, Francis Gladheim (1881–1938)
   • Penzias, Arno Allan (1933–)
   • Perrotin, Henri (1845–1904)
   • Piazzi, Guiseppe (1746–1826)
   • Pickering, Edward Charles (1846–1919)
   • Pickering, William Henry (1858–1938)
   • Pigott, Edward (1753?–1825)
   • Plancius, Petrus (1552–1622)
   • Plaskett, John Stanley (1865–1941)
   • Poincaré, (Jules) Henri (1854–1912)
   • Pond, John (1767–1836)
   • Pons, Jean Louis (1761–1831)
   • Ptolemy of Alexandria (AD 87–150)
   • Purcell, Edward M. (1912–1997)
   • Pythagoras of Samos (c.580–500 BC)

   • Queloz, Didier

   • Reber, Grote (1911–2002)
   • Rheticus (1514–1574)
   • Riccioli, Giovanni Battista (1598–1671)
   • Rittenhouse, David (1732–1796)
   • Rømer, Ole (1644–1710)
   • Ross, Frank Elmore (1874–1960)
   • Rosse, Third Earl of (William Parsons) (1800–1867)
   • Russell, Henry Norris (1877–1957)
   • Ryle, Martin (1918–1984)

   • Sagan, Carl Edward (1934–1996)
   • Scheiner, Christoph (1575–1650)
   • Schiaparelli, Giovanni Virginio (1835–1910)
   • Schmidt, (Johann Friedrich) Julius (1825–1884)
   • Schmidt, Maarten (1929–)
   • Schroter, Johann Hieronymous (1745–1816)
   • Schwabe, (Samuel) Heinrich (1789–1875)
   • Schwarzschild, Karl (1873–1916)
   • Schwarzschild, Martin (1912–1997)
   • Secchi, Father (Pietro) Angelo (1818–1878)
   • Shapley, Harlow (1885–1972)
   • Shklovskii, Iosif Samuilovich (1916–1985)
   • Shoemaker, Eugene Merle (1928–1997) and Carolyn Shoemaker, neé Spellmann (1929–)
   • Shostak, Seth (1940–)
   • Sitter, Willem de (1872–1934)
   • Slipher, Earl C. (1883–1964)
   • Slipher, Vesto Melvin (1875–1969)
   • Smyth, Charles Piazzi (1819–1900)
   • Spencer Jones, Harold (1890–1960)
   • Spitzer, Lyman Jr. (1914–1997)
   • Spörer, Gustav Friedrich Wilhem (1822–1895)
   • Strand, Kaj Aage Gunnar (1907–2000)
   • Strömgren, Bengt Georg Daniel (1908–1987)
   • Struve, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von (1793–1864)
   • Struve, Otto (1897–1963)
   • Struve, Otto Wilhelm (1819–1905)

   • Tarter, Jill Cornell (1944–)
   • Tempel, (Ernst) Wilhelm (Leberecht) (1821–1889)
   • Thales of Miletus (624–547 BC)
   • Thollon, Louis (1829–1887)
   • Tombaugh, Clyde William (1906–1997)
   • Trumpler, Robert Julius (1886–1956)
   • Turnbull, Margaret C.
   • Turner, Herbert Hall (1861–1930)

   • Van Allen, James Alfred (1914–2006)
   • van de Kamp, Peter (1901–1995)
   • van der Hulst, Hendrik ("Henk") Christoffel (1918–2000)
   • Vogel, Hermann Carl (1841–1907)
   • Voyt, Steven (1949–)

   • Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich von (1912–2007)
   • Whipple, Fred Lawrence (1906–2004)
   • Wilson, Herbert C. (1858–1940)
   • Wilson, Robert (1936–)
   • Wolf, (Johann) Rudolf (1816–1893)
   • Wolf, Max(imilian) Franz Joseph Cornelius (1863–1932)
   • Wollaston, William Hyde (1766–1828)
   • Wolszczan, Alexander (1943–)
   • Wood, John A.
   • Wright, Thomas (1711–1786)

   • Young, James W. (1941–)

   • Zel'dovich, Yakov ("Ya") Borisovitch (1914–1987)
   • Zöllner, Johann Karl Friedrich (1834–1882)
   • Zuckerman, Benjamin M.
   • Zwicky, Fritz (1898–1974)

Related categories

   • ASTRONAUTS AND COSMONAUTS
   • MATHEMATICIANS
   • ROCKET ENGINEERS AND SPACE SCIENTISTS