A

David

Darling

ASTRONOMERS AND ASTROPHYSICISTS

  • Abu'l Wafa (AD 940–998)
  • Adams, John Couch (1819–1892)
  • Adams, Walter Sydney (1876–1956)
  • Airy, George Biddell (1801–1892)
  • Aitken, Robert Grant (1864–1951)
  • Albategnius (Al-Battani, Muhammad ibn Jabir (c.850–929)
  • Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gösta (1908–1995)
  • Alhazen (Abu Ali al Hassan ibn al Haitham) (c.965–c.1040)
  • Alpher, Ralph Asher (1921–2007)
  • Al-Sufi, Abd al-Rahman (AD 903–986)
  • Ambartsumian, Viktor Amazaspovich (1908–1996)
  • Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (c.500–c.428 BC)
  • Anaximander of Miletus (611–546 BC)
  • Anaximenes of Miletus (c.585–c.525 BC)
  • Ångström, Anders Jonas (1814–1874)
  • Ansbro, Eamonn
  • Antoniadi, Eugène Michael (1870–1944)
  • Apollonius of Perge (c.262–c.190 BC)
  • Arago, (Dominique) François (Jean) (1786–1853)
  • Argelander, Friedrich Wilhelm August (1799–1875)
  • Aristarchus of Samos (c.310–c.320 BC)
  • Aristotle of Stagira (384–322 BC)
  • Arkhipov, Alexey V. (1959–)
  • Arp Halton Christian (1927–)
  • Arrhenius, Svante August (1859–1927)
  • Aryabhata the Elder (AD 476–550)
  • Arzachel (Al-Zarqali, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Yahya) (1028–1087)

  • Baade, (Wilhelm Heinrich) Walter (1893–1960)
  • Babcock, Harold Delos (1882–1968) and Horace Welcome (1912–2003)
  • Bailey, Solon Irving (1854–1931)
  • Bailly, Jean Sylvain (1736–1793)
  • Baily, Francis (1774–1844)
  • Ball, Robert Stawell (1840–1913)
  • Banneker, Benjamin (1731–1806)
  • Bappu, (Manali Kallat) Vainu (1927–1982)
  • Barnard, Edward Emerson (1857–1923)
  • Barringer, Daniel Moreau (1860–1929)
  • Bartsch, Jakob (1600–1633)
  • Bayer, Johann (1572–1625)
  • Beer, Wilhelm (1797–1850)
  • Bell Burnell, (Susan) Jocelyn (1943–)
  • Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm (1784–1846)
  • Bethe, Hans Albrecht (1906–2005)
  • Bevis, John (1695–1771)
  • Bickerton, Alexander William (1842–1929)
  • Birkeland, Kristian Olaf Bernhard (1867–1917)
  • Blaauw, Adriaan (1914–2010)
  • Blagg, Mary Adela (1858–1944)
  • Bode, Johann Elert (1747–1826)
  • Bok, Bartholomeus ("Bart") Jan (1906–1983)
  • Bond, William Cranch (1789–1859) and George Phillips (1825–1865)
  • Bondi, Hermann (1919–2005)
  • Borelli, Giovanni Alfonso (1608–1679)
  • Bouvard, Alexis (1767–1843)
  • Bowen, Ira ("Ike") Sprague (1898–1973)
  • Bradley, James (1693–1762)
  • Brahe, Tycho (1546–1601)
  • Brahmagupta (c.598–c.665)
  • Brown, Harrison (Scott) (1917–1986)
  • Bruno, Giordano (1548–1600)
  • Burbidge, (Eleanor) Margaret, née Peachey (1919–) and Geoffrey Ronald (1925–2010)
  • Burnham, Sherburne Wesley (1838–1921)
  • Burton, Charles E. (1846–1882)
  • Butler, R. Paul

  • Cacciatore, Niccolo (1780–1841)
  • Cameron, Alastair Graham Walter (1925–2005)
  • Campbell, William Wallace (1862–1938)
  • Cannon, Annie Jump (1863–1941)
  • Carrington, Richard Christopher (1826–1875)
  • Cassini, Giovanni Domenico (1625–1712)
  • Cerulli, Vincenzo (1859–1927)
  • Chamberlin, Thomas Chrowder (1843–1928)
  • Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910–1995)
  • Chyba, Christopher
  • Clark, Alvan (1804–1887)
  • Clavius, Christoph (1538–1612)
  • Comas Solá, José (1868–1937)
  • Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473–1543)
  • Curtis, Heber Doust (1872–1942)

  • d'Alembert, Jean le Rond (1717–1783)
  • d'Arrest, Heinrich Ludwig (1822–1875)
  • Davis, Ray(mond) Jr. (1914–2006)
  • de Vaucouleurs, Gérard Henri (1918–1995)
  • Delaporte, Eugène Joseph (1882–1955)
  • Denning, William Frederick (1848–1931)
  • Dicke, Robert Henry (1916–1997)
  • Digges, Leonard (c.1520–c.1559) and Thomas (1545/1546–1595)
  • Dollfus, Audouin Charles (1924–2010)
  • Dollond, John (1706–1761)
  • Donati, Giovanni Battista (1826–1873)
  • Douglass, Andrew Ellicott (1867–1962)
  • Draper, Henry (1837–1882)
  • Draper, John William (1811–1882)
  • Dreyer, John Louis Emil (1852–1926)
  • Dunham, Theodore (1897–1984)
  • Dunlop, James (1793–1848)
  • Dyson, Frank Watson (1868–1939)
  • Dyson, Freeman John (1923–)

  • Eddington, Arthur Stanley (1882–1944)
  • En Henduanna (fl. 2350 BC)
  • Encke, Johann Franz (1791–1865)
  • Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c.276–c.195 BC)
  • Eudoxus of Cnidus (c.400–c.347 BC)
  • Euler, Leonhard (1707–1783)

  • Fabricius, David (1564–1617) and Johann (1587–1615)
  • Fayé, Herve Auguste Etienne Albans(1814–1902)
  • Fabry, Marie Paul Auguste Charles (1867–1945)
  • Flammarion, (Nicolas) Camille (1842–1925) and Flammarion, Gabrielle (nee Renaudot) (1876–1962)
  • Flamsteed, John (1646–1719)
  • Fleming, Williamina Paton Stevens (1857–1911)
  • Foucault, Jean Bernard Léon (1819–1868)
  • Fowler, William ("Willy") Alfred (1911–1995)
  • Fraunhofer, Joseph von (1787–1826)
  • Friedman, Herbert (1916–2000)
  • Friedmann, Alexander Alexandrovich (1888–1925)

  • Galileo, Galilei (1564–1642)
  • Galle, Johann Gottfried (1812–1910)
  • Gamow, George (1904–1968)
  • Gatewood, George D. (1940–)
  • Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1777–1855)
  • Giacconi, Riccardo (1931–)
  • Gold, Thomas (1920–2004)
  • Goodricke, John (1764–1786)
  • Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824–1896)
  • Green, Nathaniel E.
  • Grimaldi, Francesco Maria (1618–1663)
  • Gruithuisen, Franz von Paula (1774–1852)

  • Hadley, John H. (1682–1744)
  • Hale, George Ellery (1868–1938)
  • Hall, Asaph (1829–1907)
  • Halley, Edmund (1656–1742)
  • Haro, Guillermo (1913–1988)
  • Harriot, Thomas (c.1560–1621)
  • Hawking, Stephen William (1942–)
  • Hayashi, Chushiro (1920–2010)
  • Heraclides of Pontus (c.388–c.315 BC)
  • Herschel, Caroline Lucretia (1750–1848)
  • Herschel, John Frederick William (1792–1871)
  • Herschel, (Frederick) William (1738–1822)
  • Hertzsprung, Ejnar (1873–1967)
  • Hevelius Johannes (Johann Hewelcke) (1611–1687)
  • Hewish, Anthony (1924–)
  • Hind, John Russell (1823-1895)
  • Hipparchus of Nicaea (c.190–c.125 BC)
  • Hodierna, Giovanni Battista (1597–1660)
  • Holmberg, Erik Bertil (1908–2000)
  • Horrocks, Jeremiah (c.1618–1641)
  • Hoyle, Fred (1915–2001)
  • Hubble, Edwin Powell (1889–1953)
  • Huggins, Margaret Lindsay (née Murray) (1848–1915)
  • Huggins, William (1824–1910)
  • Hulst, Hendrik Christoffel van der (1918–2000)
  • Humason, Milton Lasell (1891–1972)
  • Huygens, Christiaan (1629–1695)

  • Innes, Robert Thorburn Ayton (1861–1933)

  • Jansky, Karl Guthe (1905–1950)
  • Janssen, (Pierre) Jules César (1824–1907)
  • Jeans, James Hopwood (1877–1946)
  • Jeffreys, Harold (1891–1989)
  • Joy, Alfred Harrison (1883–1973)

  • Kapteyn, Jacobus Cornelius (1851–1922)
  • Kardashev, Nikolai Semenovich (1932–)
  • Keeler, James Edward (1857–1900)
  • Kepler, Johannes (1571–1630)
  • Khayyám, Omar (1048–1122)
  • Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert (1824–1887)
  • Kirkwood, Daniel (1814–1895)
  • Klumpke-Roberts, Dorothea (1861–1942)
  • Kuiper, Gerard Peter (1905–1973)

  • Lacaille, Abbé Nicolas Louis de (1713–1762)
  • Lagrange, Joseph Louis de (1736–1813)
  • Lalande, Joseph Jérôme Le Français de (1732–1807)
  • Laplace, Pierre Simon, Marquis de (1749–1827)
  • Lassell, William (1799–1880)
  • Le Gentil (de la Galaziere), Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean Baptiste (1725–1792)
  • Le Verrier, Urbain Jean Joseph (1811–1877)
  • Leavitt, Henrietta Swan (1868–1921)
  • Lemaaître, Georges Édouard (1894–1966)
  • Lemonnier, Pierre Charles (1715–1799)
  • Levy, David H. (1948–)
  • Liais, Emmanuel (1826–1900)
  • Lindblad, Bertil (1895–1965)
  • Lippershey, Hans (c.1570–c.1619)
  • Lippincott, Sarah Lee (1920–)
  • Littrow, Joseph Johann von (1781–1840)
  • Lockyer, (Joseph) Norman (1836–1920)
  • Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilievich (1711–1765)
  • Lovell, (Alfred Charles) Bernard (1913–2012)
  • Lowell, Percival (1855–1916)
  • Lunine, Jonathan I.
  • Luyten, Willem Jacob (1899–1994)

  • Mädler, Johann Heinrich von (1794–1874)
  • Maestlin, Michael (1550–1631)
  • Marcy, Geoffrey (1954–)
  • Marius, Simon (1573–1624)
  • Maskelyne, Nevil (1732–1811)
  • Maunder, (Edward) Walter (1851–1928)
  • Maupertuis, Pierre Louis Moreau de (1698–1759)
  • Mayor, Michel (1959–)
  • Méchain, Pierre François André (1744–1804)
  • Menzel, Donald Howard (1901–1976)
  • Messier, Charles Joseph (1730–1817)
  • Minkowski, Hermann (1864–1909)
  • Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard (1895–1976)
  • Moore, Patrick Alfred (1923–2012)
  • Morgan, William Wilson (1906–1994)
  • Morrison, Philip (1915–2005)
  • Moulton, Forest Ray (1872–1952)
  • Müller, Johann (1436-1476)

  • Narlikar, Jayant Vishnu (1938–)
  • Newcomb, Simon (1835–1909)
  • Newton, Isaac (1642–1727)
  • Nicholson, Seth Barnes (1891–1963)

  • Olbers, Heinrich Wilhelm Matth�us (1758–1840)
  • Oort, Jan Hendrik (1900–1992)
  • Öpik, Ernst Julius (1893–1985)

  • Palisa, Johann (1848–1925)
  • Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia Helena (1900–1979)
  • Pearce, Joseph Algernon (1893–1988)
  • Pease, Francis Gladheim (1881–1938)
  • Penzias, Arno Allan (1933–)
  • Perrotin, Henri (1845–1904)
  • Piazzi, Guiseppe (1746–1826)
  • Pickering, Edward Charles (1846–1919)
  • Pickering, William Henry (1858–1938)
  • Pigott, Edward (1753?–1825)
  • Plancius, Petrus (1552–1622)
  • Plaskett, John Stanley (1865–1941)
  • Poincaré, (Jules) Henri (1854–1912)
  • Pond, John (1767–1836)
  • Pons, Jean Louis (1761–1831)
  • Ptolemy of Alexandria (AD 87–150)
  • Purcell, Edward M. (1912–1997)
  • Pythagoras of Samos (c.580–500 BC)

  • Queloz, Didier

  • Reber, Grote (1911–2002)
  • Rheticus (1514–1574)
  • Riccioli, Giovanni Battista (1598–1671)
  • Rittenhouse, David (1732–1796)
  • Rømer, Ole (1644–1710)
  • Ross, Frank Elmore (1874–1960)
  • Rosse, Third Earl of (William Parsons) (1800–1867)
  • Russell, Henry Norris (1877–1957)
  • Ryle, Martin (1918–1984)

  • Sagan, Carl Edward (1934–1996)
  • Scheiner, Christoph (1575–1650)
  • Schiaparelli, Giovanni Virginio (1835–1910)
  • Schmidt, (Johann Friedrich) Julius (1825–1884)
  • Schmidt, Maarten (1929–)
  • Schroter, Johann Hieronymous (1745–1816)
  • Schwabe, (Samuel) Heinrich (1789–1875)
  • Schwarzschild, Karl (1873–1916)
  • Schwarzschild, Martin (1912–1997)
  • Secchi, Father (Pietro) Angelo (1818–1878)
  • Shapley, Harlow (1885–1972)
  • Shklovskii, Iosif Samuilovich (1916–1985)
  • Shoemaker, Eugene Merle (1928–1997) and Carolyn Shoemaker, ne� Spellmann (1929–)
  • Shostak, Seth (1940–)
  • Sitter, Willem de (1872–1934)
  • Slipher, Earl C. (1883–1964)
  • Slipher, Vesto Melvin (1875–1969)
  • Smyth, Charles Piazzi (1819–1900)
  • Spencer Jones, Harold (1890–1960)
  • Spitzer, Lyman Jr. (1914–1997)
  • Spörer, Gustav Friedrich Wilhem (1822–1895)
  • Strand, Kaj Aage Gunnar (1907–2000)
  • Strömgren, Bengt Georg Daniel (1908–1987)
  • Struve, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von (1793–1864)
  • Struve, Otto (1897–1963)
  • Struve, Otto Wilhelm (1819–1905)

  • Tarter, Jill Cornell (1944–)
  • Tempel, (Ernst) Wilhelm (Leberecht) (1821–1889)
  • Thales of Miletus (624–547 BC)
  • Thollon, Louis (1829–1887)
  • Tombaugh, Clyde William (1906–1997)
  • Trumpler, Robert Julius (1886–1956)
  • Turnbull, Margaret C.
  • Turner, Herbert Hall (1861–1930)

  • Van Allen, James Alfred (1914–2006)
  • van de Kamp, Peter (1901–1995)
  • van der Hulst, Hendrik ("Henk") Christoffel (1918–2000)
  • Vogel, Hermann Carl (1841–1907)
  • Voyt, Steven (1949–)

  • Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich von (1912–2007)
  • Whipple, Fred Lawrence (1906–2004)
  • Wilson, Herbert C. (1858–1940)
  • Wilson, Robert (1936–)
  • Wolf, (Johann) Rudolf (1816–1893)
  • Wolf, Max(imilian) Franz Joseph Cornelius (1863–1932)
  • Wollaston, William Hyde (1766–1828)
  • Wolszczan, Alexander (1943–)
  • Wood, John A.
  • Wright, Thomas (1711–1786)

  • Young, James W. (1941–)

  • Zel'dovich, Yakov ("Ya") Borisovitch (1914–1987)
  • Zöllner, Johann Karl Friedrich (1834–1882)
  • Zuckerman, Benjamin M.
  • Zwicky, Fritz (1898–1974)