Aitken, Robert Grant (1864–1951)
Aitken's 1910 review of contemporary research on Mars influenced future attitudes toward the possibility of advanced life on that planet (see Mars, life). Having noted new canal sightings by Lowell and others, he commented that at Lick "we do not see canals", nor he added did Antoniadi, Barnard, Comas Solá, Hale, and Williams. Most significantly, he was the first to publicly endorse both the work of William Campbell (which showed there was little or no water vapor in the martian atmosphere) and Simon Newcomb (which concluded that the canals were an optical illusion). He wrote: "It is difficult to understand how so small amount of water can keep a geometrical canal system on Mars in active operation." Aitken's critique, coming in the same year that Schiaparelli died, helped finally discredit the canal hypothesis (see canals of Mars).
In 1911, Aitken argued that the habitability of Venus (see Venus, life) hinged on the rotation period of that planet:1
If it rotates on its axis once in about 24 hours, we have reason to believe that it is habitable, for the conditions we named as essential to life – air, water in its liquid form and a moderate temperature – are undoubtedly realized. But if its day equals its year, then it must be utterly desolate.
Photo courtesy of Mary Lea Shane Archives, Lick Observatory
Related category• ASTRONOMERS AND ASTROPHYSICISTS
Source: Biographical entry at The Bruce Medalists website
Home • About • Copyright © The Worlds of David Darling • Encyclopedia of Alternative Energy • Contact