Schweikart, Russell ("Rusty") L. (1935–)
American astronaut who served as the Lunar Module (LM) pilot
on Apollo 9, the mission during which
the LM was tested for the first time in space. Schweikart attended the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology (MIT), earning a B.S. in aeronautical engineering
and a M.S. in aeronautics and astronautics. Following graduation, he served
as a pilot in the United States Air Force and Air National Guard (1956–63).
During part of this period he worked as a research scientist in the Experimental
Astronomy Laboratory at MIT. Schweickart joined NASA in October 1963 as
one of 14 selected in the third group of astronauts. Later he moved to NASA
Headquarters in Washington as director of user affairs in the Office of
Applications, responsible for transferring NASA technology to the outside
world. He then held several technology-related positions with the California
state government, including assistant to the governor for science and technology
and, in 1979, as chairman of the California Energy Commission. Schweickart
currently is president of Aloha Networks, Inc.