Worlds of David Darling
Encyclopedia of Science
   
Home > Encyclopedia of Science

Sergeant (missile)





Sergeant missile
U.S. Army single-stage, surface-to-surface ballistic missile designed to replace the Corporal. First deployed in September 1962, the Sergeant was powered by a solid-fueled motor. Although designed as a weapon capable of delivering a conventional or nuclear warhead, it played a significant part in the early American space program. The second stage of the Jupiter C, which launched America's first satellite, was a ring of 11 scaled-down Sergeant motors (called Baby Sergeants) encased in a metal cylinder, while the third stage was powered by three more Sergeants.


length 10.5 m (34.5 ft)
diameter 0.8 m (31 inches)
mass at liftoff 4,500 kg (10,000 lb)
range 46–139 km (25–75 nau. miles)


Related categories

   • ROCKETS, MISSILES, AND LAUNCH VEHICLES
   • HISTORY OF ROCKETRY