U.S. Army single-stage, surface-to-surface ballistic missile
designed to replace the Corporal. First
deployed in September 1962, the Sergeant was powered by a solid-fueled motor.
Although designed as a weapon capable of delivering a conventional or nuclear
warhead, it played a significant part in the early American space program.
The second stage of the Jupiter C,
which launched America's first satellite, was a ring of 11 scaled-down Sergeant
motors (called Baby Sergeants) encased in a metal cylinder, while the third
stage was powered by three more Sergeants.
||10.5 m (34.5 ft)
||0.8 m (31 inches)
|mass at liftoff
||4,500 kg (10,000 lb)
||46–139 km (25–75 nau. miles)
MISSILES, AND LAUNCH VEHICLES