A blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart. Veins are wider and more numerous than arteries.
After blood passes through the capillaries, it enters the smallest veins, called venules. From the venules, it flows into progressively larger and larger veins until it reaches the heart. In the pulmonary circuit, the pulmonary veins transport blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. This blood has a high oxygen content because it has just been oxygenated in the lungs. Systemic veins transport blood from the body tissue to the right atrium of the heart. This blood has a reduced oxygen content because the oxygen has been used for metabolic activities in the tissue cells.
Every artery in a limb is accompanied by at least one vein. Most of the superficial arteries and all the larger deep arteries are accompanied by a single vein; the smaller deep arteries have two veins, one on each side, called venae comitantes, united by channels that cross the artery. But, in the superficial fascia, there are numerous veins that do not accompany arteries.
The walls and valves of veins
Related category• ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
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