von Neumann, John (1903–1957)
Hungarian-American mathematician who made important contributions to set
theory, computer science, economics, and quantum
mechanics. John von Neumann (pronounced von noi-man) received a Ph.D.
in mathematics from the University of Budapest and later he worked at the
Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. The book Games and Economic
Behavior,1 which he co-authored with Oskar Morgenstern in
1944, is considered a seminal work in the field of game
theory. Von Neumann devised the so-called von Neumann architecture used
in all modern computers and studied cellular
automata in order to construct the first examples of self-replicating
automata, now known as von Neumann machines.
Von Neumann had a mind of great ingenuity, nearly total recall of what he'd
learned, immense arrogance, and a great love of jokes and humor.
- Neumann, J. von and Morgenstern, O. Theory of Games and Economic
Behavior. New York: Wiley, 1964.
- Poundstone, William. Prisoner's Dilemma: John Von Neumann, Game
Theory and the Puzzle of the Bomb. New York: Anchor, reprinted
von Neumann probe
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