Alnilam (Epsilon Orionis)
Alnilam and surrounding nebulosity. Photo: Glen Youman.
Alnilam (Epsilon Orionis) is the central and brightest of the three stars in Orion's Belt and the fourth brightest star in the whole of Orion. Alnilam is a blue-white supergiant that for many years has served as a standard star against which to compare others. Its relatively simple spectrum also provides a useful background against which to study the gases of the intervening interstellar medium.
Like most supergiants, Alnilam is rapidly shedding mass. A powerful stellar wind blows from its surface at speeds up to 2,000 km/s, carrying way about two millionths of a solar mass per year (20 million times the rate lost by the Sun). Although only about four million years old, Alnilam is already fusing heavy elements in its core and is doomed to explode, in the next million years or so, as a supernova.
A molecular cloud, NGC 1990, surrounds Alnilam and is partly illuminated as a reflection nebula by the star's intense radiation.
|surface temperature||25,000 K|
|distance||1,300 light-years (400 pc)|
|position||RA 05h 36m 12.8s,
Dec -01° 12' 07"
|other designations||Alnihan, Alnitam, 46 Orionis,
HR 1903, BD -01°969, HD 37128,
SAO 132346, FK5 210, HIP 26311