Caph (Beta Cassiopeiae)
Caph (Beta Cassiopeiae) is a giant or subgiant F star that is the second brightest star in the constellation Cassiopeia. Its name comes from an Arabic phrase meaning "the stained hand" – the W-shape of this constellation being interpreted in Arab lore as the splayed fingers of a stretched hand that has been colored by henna.
In terms of its evolution, Caph is currently in the Hertzsprung Gap, a relatively short-lived stage (lasting a few tens of millions of years), in which its core will shrink while its outer layers expand to become a red giant. It is also unusual in being a Delta Scuti star – in fact, the brightest of this type – varying in brightness by about 6% over a 2.5-hour period. It has a small companion, about which little is known, in a 27-day orbit.
|visual magnitude||2.28 (2.25–2.31)|
|spectral type||F2 III-IV|
|surface temperature||6,700 K|
|distance||47 ± 4 light-years (14 ± 1 pc)|
|Position||RA 00h 09m 10.7s,
Dec +59° 08' 59"
|Other designations||Kaff, Al Sanam al Nakah, Gl 8,
HR 21, BD+58°3, HD 432,
LHS 1027, GCTP 16.00, SAO 21133,
FK5 2, HIP 746, GC 147, ADS 107,