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Bose, Satyendra Nath (1894–1974)




Satyendranath Bose
Indian physicist and mathematician who contributed significantly to the theory of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. Bose made the initial advances to describe the statistical properties of certain elementary particles, now called bosons. These particles, which include all those that mediate force (like the photon which carries the electromagnetic force) all have the property that any number of them can occupy the same quantum state: that is, they do not obey the Pauli exclusion principle. Bose's work was further developed by Einstein, with whom Bose collaborated, and the statistics which such particles obey is now called Bose-Einstein statistics.

Bose also worked on X-ray diffraction, electrical properties of the ionosphere, and thermoluminescence.


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