Bile is stored in the gall bladder and aids in the digestion of dietary fat. Much of the dark color of feces is the result of bile pigments, including bilirubin.
Bilirubin and jaundiceVarious forms of jaundice result from an excess of bilirubin in the blood. Hemolytic jaundice occurs when the rapid breakdown of too many red blood cells results in the overproduction of bilirubin. This may occur in such diseases as malaria, sickle-cell anemia, and sepsis.
Hepatocellular jaundice occurs when damage to the liver lessens its ability to remove bilirubin from the blood. This happens commonly in hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, and liver cancer.
Physiologic jaundice sometimes occurs when newborn babies have too much bilirubin in the blood. This form of jaundice usually disappears within a few days as the infant's liver matures in its ability to handle bilirubin.
Related category• BIOCHEMISTRY
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