|Anatomy of the brainstem
The brainstem is part of the brain
that connects to the spinal cord. It
has three main components: the midbrain,
pons, and medulla
|Median coronal cross-section of the
The brainstem controls functions such as breathing, blood pressure, body
temperature, heart rhythms, hunger and thirst, and sleep patterns. It is
also the part of the brain that connects the forebrain
and the cerebellum with the spinal cord.
All the nerve fibers leaving the brain to go to the limbs and trunk of the
body pass through here.