Soviet maritime navigation satellites, adapted from the Tsikada
series, that can pinpoint distress signals from ships and aircraft. The
original Nadezhda ("hope") satellites, launches of which began in 1982,
carried the COSPAS/SARSat international space search and rescue system.
From 1995, the Nadezhda-M series was introduced with the Kurs system for
better location of air, sea, and ground craft in distress and for transmission
of digital data to the Kurs Center. Nadezhda-M6 was launched on 28 June,
2001; Nadezhda-M7 on 26 September, 2002.
|Nadezhda. Image credit: Sven Grahn
AND SPACE PROBES