A chemical species that donates electrons, or shares electrons, to another molecule in a substitution reaction. Nucleophiles are thus in general bases, especially anions (negative ions), which are attracted to partially positively-charged atoms in a molecule; examples are nitrile, hydroxide, halide, and ammonia. Compare with electrophile.
Related categories• INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
• ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Home • About • Copyright © The Worlds of David Darling • Encyclopedia of Alternative Energy • Contact