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Paranal Observatory




The site of the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope; it is located on the top of Cerro Paranal in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile in what is believed to be the driest area on Earth. Cerro Paranal is a 2,635-m high mountain, about 120 km south of the town of Antofagasta and 12 km inland from the Pacific Coast. There is minimal light pollution, atmospheric conditions are unusually stable, humidity is virtually zero, and there are around 330 clear nights a year. The geographical coordinates are 24° 40' S, 70° 25' W.


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   • OBSERVATORIES AND TELESCOPES