Peano, Giuseppe (1858–1932)
Italian pioneer of mathematical logic and
the axiomatization (see axiom) of mathematics.
He studied at the University of Turin, later becoming a professor there.
In 1889, he published his first version of a system of mathematical logic
in Arithmetices principia, which included his famous axioms of natural
numbers, now known as Peano's axioms. Two years later, he established a
journal, the Rivista, in which he proposed the symbolizing of all
mathematical propositions into his system. The project, which became known
as the Formulario, was his chief focus for the next fifteen years.
Peano's ideas profoundly influenced those of Alfred North Whitehead
and Bertrand Russell. He also devised
the international language Interlingua, still occasionally used.
• Peano Curve