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prokaryotic cell





prokaryotic cell
Generalized prokaryotic cell. Image: Sinauer Associates, Inc
A cell lacking a membrane-bounded nucleus or membrane-bounded organelles. Prokaryotic cells are thus more primitive than eukaryotic cells, which evolved from them. A prokaryotic organism, such as a bacterium, consists of single prokaryotic cell.

A general prokaryotic cell can be considered to have three architectural regions, though not all the components are always present: In a prokaryotic cell, most of the functions of organelles, such as mitochondria, chloroplasts, and the Golgi apparatus, are taken over by the prokaryotic cell membrane.


Related category

   • CELL BIOLOGY