- Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
Time as experiencedJohn Dunne in his classic book An Experiment With Time, argued that the human mind has the ability to rove back and forth along the time-line so that precognition is a physical possibility. However his theory involves an infinite regress of time and of the observer that is philosophically hard to swallow. All the same, it may be that the apparent movement from past to present to future has less to do with the universe at large than it has to do with our individual subjective experience.
In some way, still to be fathomed, time, consciousness, free will, and the individual are intimately entwined.
Time in physicsIn physics, by contrast, time is treated no differently (with one important exception, noted below) than space. It is simply another dimension – another axis, or extension, of physical reality. Just as the various spatial dimensions prevent everything from happening at a single point, so time prevents everything from happening all at once. As one wag put it, "Time is just one damned thing after another!"
In Einstein's relativity theory, time is effectively "spatialized" so that, instead of speaking of an absolute three-dimensional space and a separate one-dimensional time, there is a four-dimensional spacetime continuum. So closely related are time and space in relativity theory that time can be converted into space and vice versa. In particular, different observers may not agree on the distance or the duration between any two events in spacetime, but they will always agree on the spacetime interval. If the two points events occur at (t, x, y, z) and (t + dt, x + dx, y + dy, z + dz), then the (constant) spacetime interval between them is given by
But the time of relativity, like that of classical physics, remains reversible.
Related category• SPACE AND TIME
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