coccyx and sacrum

Coccyx and sacrum. The coccyx is the portion below the red line. Diagram from Gray's Anatomy.

The coccyx is a small triangular bone at the base of the spinal column. The coccyx consists of four or five small bones that are ossified or fused together. It is the vestige of a tail-bone structure possessed by our evolutionary ancestors.


Together with a much larger bone called the sacrum, which lies above it, the coccyx forms the back section of the pelvis. There is very little relative movement between the coccyx and sacrum. In later life, the coccyx and sacrum are commonly fused together.