In biology, translation is the assembly of a protein on the ribosomes, using messenger RNA to specify the sequence of amino acids. For details, see protein translation.
In spaceflight, translation is the motion of a spacecraft along its principal axis.
In mathematics, translation is any transformation that takes the form of a constant offset with no rotation or distortion.
A parallel translation is a transformation in a plane or in space. A parallel translation in a plane or in space. In a plane it can be specified by a translation-direction (measured by the angle α formed with an agreed null-direction) and by a displacement-segment d. The image of a point A can be constructed by drawing from A the ray in the direction of translation, and marking off on it the displacement segment d. The end-point A1 of the segment laid off is the image point A