Image source: Wikipedia / Mikael Häggström.
Acidosis is a medical condition in which the acid-base balance in the blood plasma is disturbed in the direction of excess acidity, the pH falling below 7.35. Acidosis may cause deep, sighing breathing and drowsiness or even coma.
Alternative metabolic causes include the ingestion of excess acids (as in aspirin overdose or swallowing antifreeze), ketosis (resulting from malnutrition or diabetes), heavy alkali loss (as from a fistula) and the inability to excrete acid which occurs in some kidney disorders.
Blood tests to diagnose metabolic acidosis may include:
In some situations, metabolic acidosis can be a mild, chronic condition; however, severe metabolic acidosis may lead to shock or death. The prognosis of metabolic acidosis depends on the underlying disease.
See also alkalosis.