Respiratory acidosis, associated with lung disease, heart failure, and central respiratory depression, results from underbreathing and a consequent buildup of plasma carbon dioxide.
Alternative metabolic causes include the ingestion of excess acids (as in aspirin overdose or swallowing antifreeze), ketosis (resulting from malnutrition or diabetes), heavy alkali loss (as from a fistula) and the inability to excrete acid which occurs in some kidney disorders.
Blood tests to diagnose metabolic acidosis may include:
See also alkalosis.
Related category• HEALTH AND DISEASE
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