A heavy, volatile, corrosive, reddish-brown, nonmetallic
liquid element (see nonmetal),
having a pungent and highly irritating vapor. Bromine is one of the halogens,
and has properties intermediate between those of chlorine
and iodine. It occurs as bromides, mainly
in seawater, from which it is extracted by oxidation
| Bromine. Credit: RTC, Wikipedia
Soluble metal bromides (see halides) are
used as sedatives; silver bromide, being light-sensitive, is used in photography.
Ethylene dibromide, the chief bromine product, is used as a lead scavenger
in antiknock additives. Alkyl bromides (see alkyl
halides are used as fumigants and solvents.
|relative atomic mass
|first ionization energy