Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS)
Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) was the first spacecraft to be equipped with an infrared telescope – a 0.57-meter (23-inch) instrument, cooled by liquid helium, that operated successfully for 300 days. Launched in 1983, a joint project of the United States, United Kingdom and the Netherlands, IRAS carried out an all-sky survey at 12, 25, 60 and 100 microns, detecting about 250,000 sources and more than doubling the number previously catalogued. Among its discoveries were warm dust disks around certain stars, including Vega, Fomalhaut, and Beta Pictoris, starburst galaxies, several new comets and asteroids, and infrared cirrus. IRAS also revealed for the first time details of the core of the Milky Way Galaxy.
|launch date||Jan 26, 1983|
|launch vehicle||Delta 3914|
|launch site||Vandenberg Air Force Base|
|orbit||884 × 903 km × 99.0°|