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Messier Catalogue





A list of 110 nebulous-looking celestial objects, including star clusters, nebulae, and galaxies, the first 103 of which were compiled by Charles Messier in the 18th century. The Messier Catalogue was one of the earliest important astronomical catalogues. Messier's final list, published in 1781, includes discoveries by other observers, notably his colleague Pierre Méchain.

On star charts and in atlases, Messier objects now include the letter "M" before each number. Among the best known examples are M1 (Crab Nebula), M31 (Andromeda Galaxy), M42 (Orion Nebula), and M45 (Pleiades). Click on the links below for more information on some of the most interesting Messier objects.


The Messier Objects
M NGC constellation type of object common name
1 1952 Taurus supernova remnant Crab Nebula
2 7089 Aquarius globular cluster  
3 5272 Canes Venatici globular cluster  
4 6121 Scorpio globular cluster  
5 5904 Serpens globular cluster  
6 6405 Scorpio open cluster Butterfly Cluster
7 6475 Scorpio open cluster Ptolemy's Cluster
8 6523 Sagittarius diffuse nebula Lagoon Nebula
9 6333 Ophiuchus globular cluster  
10 6254 Ophiuchus globular cluster  
11 6705 Scutum open cluster Wild Duck Cluster
12 6218 Ophiuchus globular cluster  
13 6205 Hercules globular cluster Great Hercules Cluster
14 6402 Ophiuchus globular cluster  
15 7078 Pegasus globular cluster  
16 6611 Serpens nebula and open cluster  
17 6618 Sagittarius diffuse nebula Omega Nebula
18 6613 Sagittarius open cluster  
19 6273 Ophiuchus globular cluster  
20 6514 Sagittarius diffuse nebula Trifid Nebula
21 6531 Sagittarius open cluster  
22 6656 Sagittarius globular cluster  
23 6494 Sagittarius open cluster  
24 6603 Sagittarius open cluster  
25 IC 4725 Sagittarius open cluster  
26 6694 Scutum open cluster  
27 6853 Vulpecula planetary nebula Dumbbell Nebula
28 6626 Sagittarius globular cluster  
29 6913 Cygnus open cluster  
30 7099 Capricornus globular cluster  
31 224 Andromeda spiral galaxy Andromeda Galaxy
32 221 Andromeda elliptical galaxy companion to M31
33 598 Triangulum spiral galaxy Triangulum Galaxy
34 1039 Perseus open cluster  
35 2168 Gemini open cluster  
36 1960 Auriga open cluster  
37 2099 Auriga open cluster  
38 1912 Auriga open cluster  
39 7092 Cygnus open cluster  
40 - - missing (comet?)  
41 2287 Canis Major open cluster  
42 1976 Orion diffuse nebula Orion Nebula
43 1982 Orion diffuse nebula part of Orion Nebula
44 2632 Cancer open cluster Praesepe
45 - Taurus open cluster Pleiades
46 2437 Puppis open cluster  
47 2422 Puppis open cluster  
48 2548 Hydra open cluster  
49 4472 Virgo elliptical galaxy  
50 2323 Monoceros open cluster  
51 5194 Canes Venatici spiral galaxy Whirlpool Galaxy
52 7654 Cassiopeia open cluster  
53 5024 Coma Berenices globular cluster  
54 6715 Sagittarius globular cluster  
55 6809 Sagittarius globular cluster  
56 6779 Lyra globular cluster  
57 6720 Lyra planetary nebula Ring Nebula
58 4579 Virgo spiral galaxy  
59 4621 Virgo elliptical galaxy  
60 4649 Virgo elliptical galaxy  
61 4303 Virgo spiral galaxy  
62 6266 Ophiuchus globular cluster  
63 5055 Canes Venatici spiral galaxy Sunflower Galaxy
64 4826 Coma Berenices spiral galaxy Black Eye Galaxy
65 3623 Leo spiral galaxy  
66 3627 Leo spiral galaxy  
67 2682 Cancer open cluster  
68 4590 Hydra globular cluster  
69 6637 Sagittarius globular cluster  
70 6681 Sagittarius globular cluster  
71 6838 Sagitta globular cluster  
72 6981 Aquarius globular cluster  
73 6994 Aquarius four faint stars  
74 628 Pisces spiral galaxy  
75 6864 Sagittarius globular cluster  
76 650 Perseus planetary nebula Little Dumbbell Nebula
77 1068 Cetus spiral galaxy  
78 2068 Orion diffuse nebula  
79 1904 Lepus globular cluster  
80 6093 Scorpio globular cluster  
81 3031 Ursa Major spiral galaxy  
82 3034 Ursa Major irregular galaxy companion to M81
83 5236 Hydra spiral galaxy  
84 4374 Virgo spiral galaxy  
85 4382 Coma Berenices spiral galaxy  
86 4406 Virgo elliptical galaxy  
87 4486 Virgo elliptical galaxy (Seyfert)  
88 4501 Coma Berenices spiral galaxy  
89 4552 Virgo elliptical galaxy  
90 4569 Virgo spiral galaxy  
91 4548 Coma Berenices spiral galaxy  
92 6341 Hercules globular cluster  
93 2447 Puppis open cluster  
94 4736 Canes Venatici spiral galaxy  
95 3351 Leo barred spiral galaxy  
96 3368 Leo spiral galaxy  
97 3587 Ursa Major planetary nebulae Owl Nebula
98 4192 Coma Berenices spiral galaxy  
99 4254 Coma Berenices spiral galaxy  
100 4321 Coma Berenices spiral galaxy  
101 5457 Ursa Major spiral galaxy  
102 - - unidentified  
103 581 Cassiopeia open cluster  
104 4594 Virgo spiral galaxy Sombrero Galaxy
105 3379 Leo elliptical galaxy  
106 4258 Ursa Major spiral galaxy  
107 6171 Ophiuchus globular cluster  
108 3556 Ursa Major spiral galaxy  
109 3992 Ursa Major spiral galaxy  
110 205 Andromeda elliptical galaxy companion to M31


Messier objects


Related category

   • ASTRONOMICAL CATALOGS