A

David

Darling

NEAREST STARS

3-d diagram of nearest stars

Some of the nearest stars, not including recently discovered brown dwarfs. Source: ESO.


The table below lists the 50 nearest stars and brown dwarfs to the Sun. These all lie within a distance of 13½ light-years of the Sun. They include 40 main sequence stars (32 of them red dwarfs), two white dwarfs, and eight brown dwarfs.



The 50 nearest stars and substellar objects to the Sun
star distance
(lt-yrs)
visual
mag.
absolute
mag.
spectral
type
type of
object
Proxima Centauri 4.24 11.09 15.53 M5.5Ve Red dwarf
Alpha Centauri A 4.37 0.01 4.38 G2V A star
Alpha Centauri B 4.37 1.34 5.71 K1V K star
Barnard's Star 5.96 9.53 13.22 M4Ve Red dwarf
Luhman 16A 6.60 10.07 14.2 L8 Brown dwarf
Luhman 16B 6.60 - - T1 Brown dwarf
WISE 0855-0714 7.26 - - Y Brown dwarf
Wolf 359 7.78 13.44 16.55 M6.5Ve Red dwarf
Lalande 21185 8.29 7.47 10.44 M2V Red dwarf
Sirius A 8.58 -1.46 1.42 A1V Am star
Sirius B 8.58 8.44 11.34 dA2 White dwarf
Luyten 726-8A 8.73 12.54 15.40 M5.5Ve Red dwarf
Luyten 726-8B 8.73 12.99 15.85 M6Ve Red dwarf
Ross 154 9.68 10.43 13.07 M3.5Ve Red dwarf
Ross 248 10.32 12.29 14.79 M5.5Ve Red dwarf
Epsilon Eridani 10.52 3.73 6.19 K2V K star
Lacaille 9352 10.74 7.34 9.75 M0.5V Red dwarf
Ross 128 10.92 11.13 13.51 M4Vn Red dwarf
WISE 1506+7027 11.09 14.3 16.6 T6 Brown dwarf
Luyten 789-6 A 11.27 13.33 15.64 M5.5V Red dwarf
Luyten 789-6 B 11.27 13.27 15.58 M? Red dwarf
Luyten 789-6 C 11.27 14.03 16.34 M? Red dwarf
Procyon A 11.40 0.38 2.66 F5V-IV F star
Procyon B 11.40 10.70 12.98 dA White dwarf
61 Cygni A 11.40 5.21 7.49 K5V K star
61 Cygni B 11.40 6.03 8.31 K7V K star
Struve 2398 A 11.53 8.94 11.18 M3V Red dwarf
Struve 2398 B 11.53 9.69 11.95 M3.5V Red dwarf
Groombridge 34 A 11.62 8.08 10.32 M1.5V Red dwarf
Groombridge 34 B 11.62 11.06 13.30 M6V Red dwarf
Epsilon Indi A 11.82 4.69 6.89 K5Ve K star
Epsilon Indi Ba 11.82 12.3 - T1V Brown dwarf
Epsilon Indi Bb 11.82 13.2 - T6V Brown dwarf
DX Cancri 11.83 14.78 16.98 M6.5V Red dwarf
Tau Ceti 11.89 3.49 5.68 G8Vp G star
GJ 1061 11.99 13.09 15.26 M5.5V Red dwarf
WISE 0350-5658 12.07 22.8 - Y1 Borwn dwarf
YZ Ceti 12.13 12.02 14.71 M4.5V Red dwarf
Luyten's Star 12.37 9.86 11.97 M3.5Vn Red dwarf
Teegarden's star 12.51 15.14 17.22 M6.5V Red dwarf
SCR 1845-6357 A 12.57 17.39 19.41 M8.5V Red dwarf
SCR 1845-6357 B 12.57 13.3 - T6 Brown dwarf
Kapteyn's Star 12.78 8.84 10.87 M1.5V Red dwarf
Lacaille 8760 12.87 6.67 8.69 M0.0V Red dwarf
WISE 0535-7500 13.0 21.1 - Y1 Brown dwarf
Kruger 60 A 13.15 9.79 11.76 M3.0V Red dwarf
Kruger 60 B 13.15 11.41 13.38 M4.0V Red dwarf
DEN 1048-3956 13.17 17.39 19.37 M8.5V Brown dwarf
UGPS 0722-05 13.26 16.52 - T9 Brown dwarf
Ross 614A 13.35 11.15 13.09 M4.5V Red dwarf
Ross 614B 13.35 14.23 16.17 M5.5V Red dwarf