Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich (1840–1893)

Pyotr Tchaikovsky

Tchaikovsky stood apart from the self-proclaimed nationalist composers of late-nineteenth century Russia in his constant use of established European forms such as the symphony, the concert, and the symphonic poem. Even so, his personal idiom was colored by a characteristic Russian emphasis on style, minor keys, and folk-like melody. His popularity today is high, based chiefly on his symphonies , concertos, and ballet music.