terrestrial abundance of elements
More than 90 elements occur naturally on the earth. But, as the chart indicates, their abundance varies widely, with fewer than ten elements making up 90 per cent of the total.
The proportion of elements within the Earth changes dramatically with depth, heavier elements, notably iron and nickel, having sunk to the center of the planet during its early stages of formation. The table below ranks the elements according to their preponderance in the lithosphere, which includes the crust and the upper part of the mantle.
|Distribution of elements in Earth's crust (by weight)|
|element||atomic number||% by weight|