A

David

Darling

ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS

  • absorbed dose
  • absorber
  • activation cross section
  • active beam
  • activity
  • alpha particle
  • angular momentum quantum number
  • atom
  • atomic bomb
  • atomic mass
  • atomic mass unit
  • atomic number
  • atomic orbital
  • atomic theory of matter
  • atomic volume
  • atomism
  • Auger effect
  • azimuthal quantum number

  • background radiation
  • Balmer series
  • Becquerel, Antoine Henri (1852–1908)
  • beta decay
  • beta particle
  • betatron
  • binding energy
  • Bohr atom
  • boiling-water reactor
  • boron counter
  • Brackett series
  • breeder reactor
  • bremsstrahlung
  • Brownian motion
  • bubble chamber

  • carbon-14
  • cathode rays
  • chain reaction
  • charge
  • charge number
  • Cockcroft, John Douglas (1897–1967)
  • complimentarity
  • Compton effect
  • containment
  • control rod
  • Coulomb barrier
  • critical mass
  • Crookes tube
  • cross-section

  • Dalton, John (1766–1844)
  • Davisson and Germer experiment
  • de Broglie and matter waves
  • decay constant
  • delayed neutron
  • delocalization
  • delta rays
  • deuterium
  • discharge tube

  • Einstein and the photoelectric effect
  • electroluminescence
  • electron
  • electron configuration
  • electron diffraction
  • electron emission
  • electron spin resonance
  • electron transition
  • electron volt
  • element
  • emission
  • emission spectrum
  • energy level
  • excitation
  • excited state

  • fast neutron
  • fissile material
  • fission
  • fluorescence
  • forward scattering
  • free-bound transition
  • free-free transition
  • fuel element
  • fuel rod
  • fusion

  • gamma rays
  • Geiger-Müller counter
  • Geissler tube
  • ground state

  • half-life
  • heavy water
  • Hund's rules
  • hydrogen spectrum
  • hyperfine structure

  • inelastic collision
  • internal conversion
  • ion
  • ionization
  • ionization chamber
  • ionization potential
  • ionizing radiation
  • irradiation
  • isobars
  • isoelectronic
  • isomeric transition
  • isotones
  • isotope

  • Larmor precession
  • light
  • linear energy transfer
  • luminescence
  • Lyman series

  • magic number
  • magnetic bottle
  • magnetic quantum number
  • mass deficiency
  • Manhattan Project
  • mass number
  • mass-energy relationship
  • moderator
  • Mössbauer effect

  • neptunium
  • neutron
  • nuclear energy
  • nuclear fuel
  • nuclear magnetic resonance
  • nuclear reaction
  • nuclear reactor
  • nucleon
  • nucleus
  • nuclide

  • Oklo phenomenon
  • orbital

  • periodic table
  • phosphorescence
  • photodissociation
  • photoelectric effect
  • photoionization
  • photoluminescence
  • pinch effect
  • Planck and the origins of quantum theory
  • Planck constant
  • Planck's quantum principle
  • plasma
  • plutonium
  • pressure ionization
  • pressurized-water reactor
  • principal quantum number
  • prompt neutron
  • proportional counter
  • proton

  • quantum
  • quantum mechanics
  • quantum number
  • quantum theory, origins

  • radiation
  • radiation shield
  • radioactive series
  • radioactivity
  • radioisotope
  • radionuclide
  • radium
  • radon
  • Raman effect
  • Rayleigh scattering
  • recombination
  • Rutherford, Ernest (1871–1937)
  • Rutherford's gold-foil experiment and atomic model

  • Schrödinger equation
  • secondary emission
  • shell
  • Soddy, Frederick (1877–1956)
  • spallation
  • spark chamber
  • spectral series
  • spin
  • spin quantum number
  • subshell
  • synchrotron radiation

  • thermal neutron
  • thermonuclear reaction
  • Thomson scattering
  • thorium
  • tokamak
  • transuranic element
  • tritium
  • tunneling

  • unpaired spin
  • uranium

  • valence electron
  • valence shell
  • van der Waals' force

  • wavefunction
  • work function

  • X-ray diffraction
  • X-ray tube
  • X-rays