A

David

Darling

ASTRONOMERS AND ASTROPHYSICISTS

Abu'l Wafa (AD 940–998)
Adams, John Couch (1819–1892)
Adams, Walter Sydney (1876–1956)
Airy, George Biddell (1801–1892)
Aitken, Robert Grant (1864–1951)
Albategnius (Al-Battani, Muhammad ibn Jabir (c.850–929)
Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gösta (1908–1995)
Alhazen (Abu Ali al Hassan ibn al Haitham) (c .965–c. 1040)
Alpher, Ralph Asher (1921–2007)
Al-Sufi, Abd al-Rahman (AD 903–986)
Ambartsumian, Viktor Amazaspovich (1908–1996)
Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (c. 500–c. 428 BC)
Anaximander of Miletus (611–546 BC)
Anaximenes of Miletus (c. 585–c. 525 BC)
Ångström, Anders Jonas (1814–1874)
Antoniadi, Eugène Michael (1870–1944)
Apollonius of Perge (c. 262–c. 190 BC)
Arago, (Dominique) François (Jean) (1786–1853)
Argelander, Friedrich Wilhelm August (1799–1875)
Aristarchus of Samos (c. 310–c. 320 BC)
Aristotle of Stagira (384–322 BC)
Arp Halton Christian (1927–2013)
Arrhenius, Svante August (1859–1927)
Aryabhata the Elder (AD 476–550)
Arzachel (Al-Zarqali, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Yahya) (1028–1087)

Baade, (Wilhelm Heinrich) Walter (1893–1960)
Babcock, Harold Delos (1882–1968) and Horace Welcome (1912–2003)
Bailey, Solon Irving (1854–1931)
Bailly, Jean Sylvain (1736–1793)
Baily, Francis (1774–1844)
Ball, Robert Stawell (1840–1913)
Banneker, Benjamin (1731–1806)
Bappu, (Manali Kallat) Vainu (1927–1982)
Barnard, Edward Emerson (1857–1923)
Barringer, Daniel Moreau (1860–1929)
Bartsch, Jakob (1600–1633)
Bayer, Johann (1572–1625)
Beer, Wilhelm (1797–1850)
Bell Burnell, (Susan) Jocelyn (1943–)
Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm (1784–1846)
Bethe, Hans Albrecht (1906–2005)
Bevis, John (1695–1771)
Bickerton, Alexander William (1842–1929)
Birkeland, Kristian Olaf Bernhard (1867–1917)
Blaauw, Adriaan (1914–2010)
Blagg, Mary Adela (1858–1944)
Bode, Johann Elert (1747–1826)
Bok, Bartholomeus ("Bart") Jan (1906–1983)
Bond, William Cranch (1789–1859) and George Phillips (1825–1865)
Bondi, Hermann (1919–2005)
Borelli, Giovanni Alfonso (1608–1679)
Bouvard, Alexis (1767–1843)
Bowen, Ira ("Ike") Sprague (1898–1973)
Bradley, James (1693–1762)
Brahe, Tycho (1546–1601)
Brahmagupta (c.598–c.665)
Brown, Harrison (Scott) (1917–1986)
Bruno, Giordano (1548–1600)
Burbidge, (Eleanor) Margaret, née Peachey (1919–) and Geoffrey Ronald (1925–2010)
Burnham, Sherburne Wesley (1838–1921)
Burton, Charles E. (1846–1882)

Cacciatore, Niccolo (1780–1841)
Cameron, Alastair Graham Walter (1925–2005)
Campbell, William Wallace (1862–1938)
Cannon, Annie Jump (1863–1941)
Carrington, Richard Christopher (1826–1875)
Cassini, Giovanni Domenico (1625–1712)
Cerulli, Vincenzo (1859–1927)
Chamberlin, Thomas Chrowder (1843–1928)
Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910–1995)
Clark, Alvan (1804–1887)
Clavius, Christoph (1538–1612)
Comas Solá, José (1868–1937)
Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473–1543)
Curtis, Heber Doust (1872–1942)

d'Alembert, Jean le Rond (1717–1783)
d'Arrest, Heinrich Ludwig (1822–1875)
Davis, Ray(mond) Jr. (1914–2006)
de Vaucouleurs, Gérard Henri (1918–1995)
Delaporte, Eugène Joseph (1882–1955)
Dicke, Robert Henry (1916–1997)
Digges, Leonard (c. 1520–c. 1559) and Thomas (1545/1546–1595)
Dollfus, Audouin Charles (1924–2010)
Dollond, John (1706–1761)
Donati, Giovanni Battista (1826–1873)
Douglass, Andrew Ellicott (1867–1962)
Draper, Henry (1837–1882)
Draper, John William (1811–1882)
Dreyer, John Louis Emil (1852–1926)
Dunham, Theodore (1897–1984)
Dunlop, James (1793–1848)
Dyson, Frank Watson (1868–1939)
Dyson, Freeman John (1923–2020)

Eddington, Arthur Stanley (1882–1944)
En Henduanna (fl. 2350 BC)
Encke, Johann Franz (1791–1865)
Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276–c. 195 BC)
Eudoxus of Cnidus (c. 400–c. 347 BC)
Euler, Leonhard (1707–1783)

Fabricius, David (1564–1617) and Johann (1587–1615)
Fayé, Herve Auguste Etienne Albans(1814–1902)
Fabry, Marie Paul Auguste Charles (1867–1945)
Flammarion, (Nicolas) Camille (1842–1925) and Flammarion, Gabrielle (nee Renaudot) (1876–1962)
Flamsteed, John (1646–1719)
Fleming, Williamina Paton Stevens (1857–1911)
Foucault, Jean Bernard Léon (1819–1868)
Fowler, William ('Willy') Alfred (1911–1995)
Fraunhofer, Joseph von (1787–1826)
Friedman, Herbert (1916–2000)
Friedmann, Alexander Alexandrovich (1888–1925)

Galileo, Galilei (1564–1642)
Galle, Johann Gottfried (1812–1910)
Gamow, George (1904–1968)
Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1777–1855)
Giacconi, Riccardo (1931–2018)
Gold, Thomas (1920–2004)
Goodricke, John (1764–1786)
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824–1896)
Green, Nathaniel E. (1823–1899)
Grimaldi, Francesco Maria (1618–1663)
Gruithuisen, Franz von Paula (1774–1852)

Hadley, John H. (1682–1744)
Hale, George Ellery (1868–1938)
Hall, Asaph (1829–1907)
Halley, Edmund (1656–1742)
Haro, Guillermo (1913–1988)
Harriot, Thomas (c. 1560–1621)
Hawking, Stephen William (1942–2018)
Hayashi, Chushiro (1920–2010)
Heraclides of Pontus (c. 388–c. 315 BC)
Herschel, Caroline Lucretia (1750–1848)
Herschel, John Frederick William (1792–1871)
Herschel, (Frederick) William (1738–1822)
Hertzsprung, Ejnar (1873–1967)
Hevelius Johannes (Johann Hewelcke) (1611–1687)
Hewish, Anthony (1924–)
Hind, John Russell (1823-1895)
Hipparchus of Nicaea (c. 190–c. 125 BC)
Hodierna, Giovanni Battista (1597–1660)
Holmberg, Erik Bertil (1908–2000)
Horrocks, Jeremiah (c. 1618–1641)
Hoyle, Fred (1915–2001)
Hubble, Edwin Powell (1889–1953)
Huggins, Margaret Lindsay (née Murray) (1848–1915)
Huggins, William (1824–1910)
Hulst, Hendrik Christoffel van der (1918–2000)
Humason, Milton Lasell (1891–1972)
Huygens, Christiaan (1629–1695)

Innes, Robert Thorburn Ayton (1861–1933)

Jansky, Karl Guthe (1905–1950)
Janssen, (Pierre) Jules César (1824–1907)
Jeans, James Hopwood (1877–1946)
Jeffreys, Harold (1891–1989)
Joy, Alfred Harrison (1883–1973)

Kapteyn, Jacobus Cornelius (1851–1922)
Kardashev, Nikolai Semenovich (1932–2019)
Keeler, James Edward (1857–1900)
Kepler, Johannes (1571–1630)
Khayyám, Omar (1048–1122)
Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert (1824–1887)
Kirkwood, Daniel (1814–1895)
Klumpke-Roberts, Dorothea (1861–1942)
Kuiper, Gerard Peter (1905–1973)

Lacaille, Abbé Nicolas Louis de (1713–1762)
Lagrange, Joseph Louis de (1736–1813)
Lalande, Joseph Jérôme Le Français de (1732–1807)
Laplace, Pierre Simon, Marquis de (1749–1827)
Lassell, William (1799–1880)
Le Gentil (de la Galaziere), Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean Baptiste (1725–1792)
Le Verrier, Urbain Jean Joseph (1811–1877)
Leavitt, Henrietta Swan (1868–1921)
Lemaaître, Georges Édouard (1894–1966)
Lemonnier, Pierre Charles (1715–1799)
Levy, David H. (1948–)
Liais, Emmanuel (1826–1900)
Lindblad, Bertil (1895–1965)
Lippershey, Hans (c. 1570–c. 1619)
Lippincott, Sarah Lee (1920–2019)
Littrow, Joseph Johann von (1781–1840)
Lockyer, (Joseph) Norman (1836–1920)
Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilievich (1711–1765)
Lovell, (Alfred Charles) Bernard (1913–2012)
Lowell, Percival (1855–1916)
Luyten, Willem Jacob (1899–1994)

Mädler, Johann Heinrich von (1794–1874)
Maestlin, Michael (1550–1631)
Marcy, Geoffrey (1954–)
Marius, Simon (1573–1624)
Maskelyne, Nevil (1732–1811)
Maunder, (Edward) Walter (1851–1928)
Maupertuis, Pierre Louis Moreau de (1698–1759)
Mayor, Michel (1959–)
Méchain, Pierre François André (1744–1804)
Menzel, Donald Howard (1901–1976)
Messier, Charles Joseph (1730–1817)
Minkowski, Hermann (1864–1909)
Minkowski, Rudolph Leo Bernhard (1895–1976)
Moore, Patrick Alfred (1923–2012)
Morgan, William Wilson (1906–1994)
Morrison, Philip (1915–2005)
Moulton, Forest Ray (1872–1952)
Müller, Johann (14361476)

Narlikar, Jayant Vishnu (1938–)
Newcomb, Simon (1835–1909)
Newton, Isaac (1642–1727)
Nicholson, Seth Barnes (1891–1963)

Olbers, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus (1758–1840)
Oort, Jan Hendrik (1900–1992)
Öpik, Ernst Julius (1893–1985)

Palisa, Johann (1848–1925)
Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia Helena (1900–1979)
Pearce, Joseph Algernon (1893–1988)
Pease, Francis Gladheim (1881–1938)
Penzias, Arno Allan (1933–)
Perrotin, Henri (1845–1904)
Piazzi, Guiseppe (1746–1826)
Pickering, Edward Charles (1846–1919)
Pickering, William Henry (1858–1938)
Pigott, Edward (1753?–1825)
Plancius, Petrus (1552–1622)
Plaskett, John Stanley (1865–1941)
Poincaré, (Jules) Henri (1854–1912)
Pond, John (1767–1836)
Pons, Jean Louis (1761–1831)
Ptolemy of Alexandria (AD 87–150)
Purcell, Edward M. (1912–1997)
Pythagoras of Samos (c. 580–500 BC)

Reber, Grote (1911–2002)
Rheticus (1514–1574)
Riccioli, Giovanni Battista (1598–1671)
Rittenhouse, David (1732–1796)
Rømer, Ole (1644–1710)
Ross, Frank Elmore (1874–1960)
Rosse, Third Earl of (William Parsons) (1800–1867)
Russell, Henry Norris (1877–1957)
Ryle, Martin (1918–1984)

Sagan, Carl Edward (1934–1996)
Scheiner, Christoph (1575–1650)
Schiaparelli, Giovanni Virginio (1835–1910)
Schmidt, (Johann Friedrich) Julius (1825–1884)
Schmidt, Maarten (1929–)
Schroter, Johann Hieronymous (1745–1816)
Schwabe, (Samuel) Heinrich (1789–1875)
Schwarzschild, Karl (1873–1916)
Schwarzschild, Martin (1912–1997)
Secchi, Father (Pietro) Angelo (1818–1878)
Shapley, Harlow (1885–1972)
Shklovskii, Iosif Samuilovich (1916–1985)
Shoemaker, Eugene Merle (1928–1997) and Carolyn Shoemaker, neé Spellmann (1929–2021)
Shostak, Seth (1940–)
Sitter, Willem de (1872–1934)
Slipher, Earl C. (1883–1964)
Slipher, Vesto Melvin (1875–1969)
Smyth, Charles Piazzi (1819–1900)
Spencer Jones, Harold (1890–1960)
Spitzer, Lyman Jr. (1914–1997)
Spörer, Gustav Friedrich Wilhem (1822–1895)
Strand, Kaj Aage Gunnar (1907–2000)
Strömgren, Bengt Georg Daniel (1908–1987)
Struve, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von (1793–1864)
Struve, Otto (1897–1963)
Struve, Otto Wilhelm (1819–1905)

Tarter, Jill Cornell (1944–)
Tempel, (Ernst) Wilhelm (Leberecht) (1821–1889)
Thales of Miletus (624–547 BC)
Thollon, Louis (1829–1887)
Tombaugh, Clyde William (1906–1997)
Trumpler, Robert Julius (1886–1956)
Turnbull, Margaret C. (1975–)
Turner, Herbert Hall (1861–1930)

Van Allen, James Alfred (1914–2006)
van de Kamp, Peter (1901–1995)
van der Hulst, Hendrik ('Henk') Christoffel (1918–2000)
Vogel, Hermann Carl (1841–1907)

Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich von (1912–2007)
Whipple, Fred Lawrence (1906–2004)
Wilson, Herbert C. (1858–1940)
Wilson, Robert (1936–)
Wolf, (Johann) Rudolf (1816–1893)
Wolf, Max(imilian) Franz Joseph Cornelius (1863–1932)
Wollaston, William Hyde (1766–1828)
Wolszczan, Alexander (1943–)
Wright, Thomas (1711–1786)

Zel'dovich, Yakov ('Ya') Borisovitch (1914–1987)
Zöllner, Johann Karl Friedrich (1834–1882)
Zwicky, Fritz (1898–1974)